The right lighting for your bathroom. Our tip: pay attention to this when designing the bathroom. After all, good lighting not only ensures that your bathroom is nice and bright, but also guarantees that you enjoy spending time there. However, the bathroom in particular is also a place where you should be careful when installing lighting, because not everything is permitted and safe. Here we’ll explain further.
Good bathroom lighting improves the ambience, has a positive effect on mood and at the same time provides adequate brightness- which is the foundation for shaving safely, applying make-up, or carrying out skin care. Of course, relaxation should not be neglected. In this article, we'll look at the differences in bathroom lighting: from the basics to specialized lighting solutions.
When planning, always observe the so-called IP zones and degrees of protection to guarantee your safety. There are three different IP zones that represent the different areas of use in the bathroom. They indicate which lamps you should use there. The IP zones are: Zone 0 (bathtub and shower floor plus 10 cm wall height), Zone 1 (connects to Zone 0, extends 2.25 m upwards) and Zone 2 (all remaining parts in the wet area).
IP ratings consist of two digits that indicate how resistant a device is to dust and contact (first number) and water and steam (second digit). Some examples: IP20 (contact protection against foreign objects over 12mm, no water protection), IP55 (full contact protection and water jet protection), IP65 (full contact protection and water jet protection), IP67 (dustproof, touch-proof and temporarily waterproof). In the bathroom, IPX4, IPX5 and IPX7 protection levels are recommended.
So, always make sure that the lamps and luminaires you choose for your bathroom comply with the appropriate IP standards. If in doubt, seek advice from a professional.
THE THREE TYPES OF LIGHTING
Now, let's look at the basics of bathroom lighting. This includes a well-thought-out lighting plan for your bathroom. We distinguish between three types of lighting:
General lighting: This is the basic lighting. It illuminates the entire room for uniform brightness. This is often achieved by ceiling lights. The general lighting illuminates the room and ensures that you can enter and exit safely at all times.
Mood lighting: As the name suggests, this is all about lighting that provides relaxation and a welcoming atmosphere in the bathroom. Indirect lighting with backlit shelves or LED strips is ideal for this purpose. By the way, you can also achieve mood lighting with dimmable lights or candle holders. This makes it easy to create a warm and calming mood.
Task lighting: This is lighting that is specifically needed for specific activities in the bathroom. One example is special lighting that makes it easy to apply makeup, shave or brush your teeth. Ideally, the purpose of task lighting is to provide particularly bright and shadow-free lighting. Examples of lamps that allow such lighting are mirror lights, adjustable wall lamps or mirrors that are illuminated all around, for example.
SPECIFIC LIGHTING SOLUTIONS FOR THE BATHROOM
Some lamps are very suitable for lighting in your bathroom. Let's take a look at all the different lights and lamps that are available for use in the bathroom area.
Ceiling lights: Ceiling lights are the classic when it comes to lighting your bathroom. They are usually simple lamps that are well covered and mounted on the ceiling. The purpose is, of course, the functional lighting of the bathroom. In short: brightness is achieved.
Mirror lights: Mirror lights are placed around a mirror to illuminate the face well. Ideally, the formation of shadows is minimized and thus the face is illuminated uniformly and visibly. Ideal if you want to have a mirror image that is as neutral as possible. For example, when you use the mirror to put on make-up or shave. After all, you want to have as unadulterated a view of your face as possible, right?
Wall Lights: The wall lights are usually mounted on the walls. Mostly near the mirror, near the sink or near the bathtub. They are available in different designs. However, the important thing here is that you adhere to the applicable guidelines that are set out in the IP protection levels.
Indirect lighting: In the bathroom, indirect lighting is usually found near the mirror. You can reach them in other ways. Install the lamp or light in such a way that the room is not directly illuminated. With the beam directly on the wall, the reflection provides indirect lighting and the necessary atmosphere.
Mobile lighting: Since the bathroom is generally a tricky place when it comes to lighting, mobile lighting is also suitable from time to time. In the simplest case, these are candles that create a relaxing atmosphere during a cozy bath.
SOME TIPS AND TRICKS FOR THE OPTIMAL LIGHTING OF YOUR BATHROOM
As mentioned earlier, safety should always come first. Our urgent appeal: therefore, select all lights and lamps according to the appropriate IP protection grades. Finally, here are a few practical tips for designing your bathroom lighting:
Color temperature: be sure to choose the right temperature for your lamp colour. Surely you know the difference between warm white, cool white and other white shades. If not, you might find it helpful to compare a pleasant living room with bright halogen lights in the office. Depending on the area of application and personal preference, all different colour temperatures can have their justification in the bathroom. However, it is important that the warmth of the shade also provides relaxation. So the warmer you choose the shades of your lamps, the more easily you can relax.
If possible, use lamps that you can dim: especially in the bathroom, different areas of application have to be combined. On the one hand, you want functional light that allows you to get a good image of your own face and body. After all, you don't want to hurt yourself while shaving or grooming. On the other hand, you also want to relax in the bathroom. Dimmable lamps provide the perfect middle ground here. If the dimming is turned off completely, you have bright light. You just want to relax? To do this, simply turn on the dimming and enjoy the soothing impressions in the semi-darkness.
Place your lamps strategically with safety in mind. Your lamps must have the appropriate IP rating in order to be suitably protected against moisture and splashing water. In addition, remember to install a circuit breaker to know that the electricity is cut off in the event of an emergency. Also, when placing the lamps, follow the guidelines in force.
Also, think about energy efficiency. Not every lamp saves the same amount of electricity. And not every lamp has the same shelf life. Modern technologies such as LED help to save electricity and reduce environmental impact. At the same time, they have a long service life and consume very little energy.
Your lighting in the bathroom requires a well-thought-out concept. First and foremost, it is important to comply with guidelines. They determine not only the type of lamp, but also the positioning. And then, of course, there are feel-good factors. On the one hand, you want to relax, but you also want to have bright and functional lighting when carrying out personal grooming tasks. So it is worth planning the lighting in the bathroom well. Feel free to visit our offices to get a good impression of the different systems.